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Backdating documents english law

Such elementary personal or private qualities as honesty, truthfulness, fidelity, probity and freedom from corrupting influences, are clearly included.

In the context of impartiality and fairness and accordance with the definition above, the procurement officer should: For example, if one supplier requests additional information, all suppliers should receive that information at the same time.

Or, if one offer is disqualified in the evaluation process and the award placed with the next highest priced offer, the reason for disqualifying the lower offer must be applied to all evaluations uniformly.

Fairness implies being reasonable as well as impartial, and treating the UN’s trading partners with professional, businesslike courtesy, as well as with strict adherence to the policies and procedures for conducting the transaction. Because public procurement involves the use of and accountability for public funds, transparency is, perhaps, paramount in all procurement activities.

All transactions are subject to scrutiny but not all organizations experience such scrutiny to the degree of the UN.

Just as the practice of impartiality will strengthen the secretariat, repeated instances of partiality, or bias, will do serious harm to the organization”.

backdating documents english law-7

According to The concise Oxford dictionary of current English, a steward is “a person employed to manage another’s property.” When the steward is a UN staff member, the “person” whose property the steward is managing consists of the entire world’s population - an immense responsibility.

Professional standards of ethical conduct, no matter what the organization, contain typical characteristics, including commitments to: Organizations and professions often seek to address standards of conduct through the adoption of codes of conduct.Procurement professionals cannot abide merely by the letter of the law or the specific words in any code, but rather, they are guided by the spirit of the law or the broader concept that the code is intended to express.One reason why many procuring organizations avoid detailed and specific codes is these may give the impression that anything not prohibited is permitted or that anything not specifically addressed is not important.For the international official, however, the Charter also requires integrity as a public official, and especially as an international public official.Perhaps the clearest expression of this is the fact that he has dedicated himself to regulate his conduct with the interests of the international organization only in view.The International Civil Service Advisory Board identifies integrity as, “one of the fundamental, if not paramount, standards of conduct” which is, “underlined in Article 101 of the United Nations Charter and explicit or implicit in corresponding articles of the basic instruments of the specialized agencies.” Their report explains: “Integrity, while perhaps not subject to exhaustive and precise definition, must be judged on the basis of the total behaviour of the person concerned.